Volume 4 Issue 2
Dec.  2020
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Hongjun Gao, Gradimir Misevic. Microchip technology applications for blood group analysis[J]. Blood&Genomics, 2020, 4(2): 83-95. doi: 10.46701/BG.2020022020109
Citation: Hongjun Gao, Gradimir Misevic. Microchip technology applications for blood group analysis[J]. Blood&Genomics, 2020, 4(2): 83-95. doi: 10.46701/BG.2020022020109

Microchip technology applications for blood group analysis

doi: 10.46701/BG.2020022020109
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  • Corresponding author: Hongjun Gao, Ph.D, Jiangsu LIBO Medicine Biotechnology Co., Ltd. 78 Dong Sheng West Road, Jiangyin, Jiangsu 214400, China. Tel: +86-13538270675. E-mail: gaochemistry@hotmail.com
  • Received Date: 2020-05-09
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-06-28
  • Accepted Date: 2020-07-31
  • Available Online: 2021-07-01
  • Publish Date: 2020-12-30
  • Blood group analysis techniques are some of the most in demand immunological applications in clinical transfusion praxis and organ transplantation. In order to aid the advance towards higher throughput and increased sensitivity, analytical solutions dealing with a minimal amount of blood samples and the miniaturization of diagnostic equipment using microchip technologies have been evolving into an optimal solution. Here we review fabrication technologies for various types of microstructure on microchips, related operating procedures, and characterization approaches. Our focus is on examples of microchip technology and instrumentation used for blood group analysis ranging from classical serological methods of glycoprotein detection and solid phase assays, to nucleic acid amplification techniques. Molecular typing using microchip-based techniques is emerging as a supplement to standard serological methods. Microchip technology will play its key role to support blood group analysis at the molecular scale by using microliters of blood samples for extremely sensitive, quantitative, and high throughput analyses.


  • Abbreviations: POC, Point-of-Care; ISBT, the International Society of Blood Transfusion; RBCs, red blood cells; HDN, hemolytic disease of the newborn; MMT, microplate monolayer technique; NGS, next-generation sequencing; SERS, surface-enhanced Raman scattering; QCM, quartz crystal microbalance; µPAD, microfluidic paper-based analytical device; PDMS, polydimethylsiloxane; PEO, polyethylene oxide; PMMA, polymethyl methacrylate; PEGMA, polyethylene glycol methacrylate; MCM, microplate coagglutination method; MAM, microplate agglutination method; SPAM, solid-phase adherence method; SPRCA, solid-phase red cell adherence; MIT, molecular imprinting technology; MIPs, molecularly imprinted polymers; SPR, surface plasmon resonance; SPRi, surface plasmon resonance imaging; UV-vis, ultraviolet-visible; GNPs, gold nanoprisms; SNPs, single nucleotide polymorphisms; NAT, nucleic acid amplification techniques; PCR, polymerase chain reaction; LR-PCR, long-range polymerase chain reaction; Rh, Rhesus Macacus
    Conflict of interest: The authors have no conflict of interest to report.
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