Due to relatively higher mutation frequencies in Chinese individuals with the RHD-negative phenotype[25% for 1227 G>A RHD elution and 5% for RHD1-RHCE(2-9)-RHD10], Rhesus box analysis is rarely used in China. Here, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with a high-resolution melting curve mode and a matrix mix containing Syber Green Ⅰ were used to sequence specific primers of 1227 G>A and RHD exons 1, 5, and 10 in two families, consisting of two parents and two children per family (n = 8). The samples with RHD gene dele- tion homozygous/heterozygous, 1227 G>A heterozygous with RHD gene deletion and normal RHD, normal RHD homozygous/heterozygous, and RHD1-RHCE(2-9)-RHD10 homozygous/heterozygous status were all included. All samples were screened using RHD exon genotyping, Sanger sequencing, and Rhesus box analysis. DNA sample quality was maintained at 68~72 ng/μL, and OD260/280
at 1.7~1.9. The Tm ratio of RHD exon 1 (87 ℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 2.49~2.67 and 2.09~2.35 in subjects with RHD exon 1 homozygous and heterozygous, respectively; the Tm ratio of RHD exon 10 (81℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 5.01~6.11 and 3.34~4.31 in subjects with RHD exon 10 homozygous and heterozygous, respectively; the Tm ratio of RHD exon 5 (83℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 3.98~4.75, 3.02~3.45, and 0.03 in subjects with RHD exon 5 homozygous, heterozygous, and deletion homozygous, respectively; the Tm ratio of 1227A (87℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 1.11, 0.51, and <0.03 in subjects with 1227A heterozygous, 1227A homozygous (exon 9 deletion), and wild type, respectively. The results suggest that using the primers of Tm ratio in comparison with an internal control is an effective way to detect RHD gene deletion or RHD-RHCE hybrid variant allele carrier. The method can also be used to calculate the mother-newborn RHD phenotype proportion and assist pedigree analysis.