gene, which encodes the important Kidd blood group antigens, has not been systematically analyzed at the molecular level in Chinese individuals. In this study, SLC14A1
genetic polymorphism was examined in Chinese individuals with Jk(a+b-), Jk(a+b+), and Jk(a-b+) expression. The Kidd phenotype was determined for 146 specimens using monoclonal anti-Jka
antibodies. From these, 87 specimens were Jk(a-b+), 21 were Jk(a+b-), and 38 were Jk(a+b+). According to the Kidd phenotype results, 20 specimens were randomly selected from each group, i.e., Jk(a-b+), Jk(a+b-), and Jk(a+b+), for the molecular analyses of exons 3 to 11 of the SLC14A1
gene. Novel alleles were detected in the SLC14A1
gene, including IVS3-106A, IVS3-99A, exon3 130G, IVS4-299G, IVS4-293G, IVS4+211C, IVS4 +230C, exon6 499A, exon6 588A, IVS7-68T, IVS9+244G, and IVS10-153T, indicating that the locus harbored significant polymorphism. We also showed that IVS4-299, IVS7-68, and IVS10-153 were novel SNPs absolutely associated with exon 8 nt. 838. The minor allele frequencies were all greater than 10% and all SNPs in the Chinese population showed Vel antigen expression on RBC membranes. We identified 12 SNPs in the SLC14A1
gene in the Chinese population, IVS3-106A, IVS3-99A, exon3 130G, IVS4-299G, IVS4-293G, IVS4+211C, IVS4 +230C, exon6 499A, exon6 588A, IVS7-68T, IVS9+244G, and IVS10-153T. Our results also indicated that three novel SNPs produced Jka
antigens in Chinese individuals.